Doorco installs and services many different style docks, enclosed, flush, open, declining or inclining loading docks facilities should make sure that their loading dock areas are both efficient and safe. Ensuring that the loading dock is appropriately designed, and that dock equipment is adequately suited for loading and unloading to improve efficiency and prevent costly accidents.
Enclosed docks are generally used when product protection, climate control, security and overhead lift capabilities are needed. This type of design is frequently used by package handlers with box truck fleets since it improves efficiency and comfort while decreasing the chance of theft. This design also allows space for overhead cranes that will efficiently load and unload flat-bed trucks.
Flush docks are the most common type of loading dock. This type of dock is flush with the outside wall of the building and has the same foundation as the wall.
Open docks are not usually recommended or used due to exposure to outside weather and the possibility of making it easier for theft to occur. Open loading docks often cannot be heated or cooled efficiently, and they do not provide adequate protection for product, materials, or workers. Proper floor drainage is also a consideration due to weather exposure.
Open loading docks should always have a canopy. If the canopies are planned over docks that are on sloped grades, the canopy height must be calculated to accommodate trailer height.
Another method of design for a decline loading dock is to move the dock leveler pit forward. The amount of projection is determined by the grade of the driveway decline. Projecting the dock leveler pit at the onset can reduce damage caused by vehicle impact to the building, as well as the need for bumper extensions or longer hinged lip assemblies.